Counting Iowa’s people

Territories and young states counted their populations early and often—a growing population meant more federal resources, better legislative representation, and a path to statehood. From territorial days through 1925, Iowa regularly counted her people. Earliest years were purely statistical, naming … Continue reading

Land Office Records

Territorial lands were considered “public domain,” that is, the property of the United States. The federal government distributed the land to individuals, companies, and states. Eligibility was spelled out through a series of Congressional acts. Although many early grants were awarded … Continue reading